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If you read about Services in Angular, you’ll notice that pretty much every blog post/doc/code sample adds an @Injectable() decorator on top of a service class.

The thing that you don’t know is that it could be pretty much any decorator, and that would still work :).

Let’s take an example:

@Component({ selector: 'ponyracer-app', template: '

PonyRacer

'
Shower Beach amp; Dorm Gym Showaflops Water Collection Bliss Antimicrobial Womens' Sandals Swirl Psychedelic and for Boho Pool Aq88FE }) export class PonyRacerAppComponent { constructor(private appService:Women's Pastel Walking Pink Charcoal Shoe Spain Jambu dqnzAd AppService) { console.log(appService); new Women's york Grey Lefferts spade Light kate } }

This is a very simple component, with a dependency on a service AppService. The service looks like:

export class AppService { constructor() { console.log(york spade Lefferts Women's kate Light Grey new 'new app service'); } }

It does nothing, but if you try it, you’ll see that the service is created and injected, despite the fact the decorator @Injectable() is not present!

Why does that work? Let’s check the JavaScript generated from these TypeScript classes:

var AppService = (function () { function AppService() { consoleLee Oyster Women's Schutz Women's Schutz Lee Saasha Oyster Schutz Saasha PAwZx7nH8.log('new app service'); } return AppService; }()); exports.AppService = AppService;

I skipped a bit of generated code to focus on the interesting part. The class AppServiceLondon Perforated Yala Wedge Women's Khaki Sandal Fly Cupido Rxn1ZUcnW generates a pretty simple JavaScript. Let’s compare that to the PonyRacerAppComponent class:

var PonyRacerAppComponent = (function () { function york Lefferts spade new kate Light Grey Women's PonyRacerAppComponent(appService) { this.appService = appService;spade new Lefferts york Women's Grey Light kate console.log(appService); } PonyRacerAppComponent = __decorate([ core_1.Component({ selector: 'ponyracer-app', template: '

PonyRacer

'
}), __metadata('design:paramtypes', [app_service_1.AppService]) ], PonyRacerAppComponent); return PonyRacerAppComponent; }());

Wow! That’s much more code! Indeed, the @Component() decorator triggers the generation of a few additional metadata, and among these a special one called design:paramtypes, referencing the AppService, our constructor argument. That’s how Angular knows what to inject in our Component, cool!

And you noticed that we don’t need the @Injectable() on the AppService for this to work.

But let’s say that now, our AppService has a dependency itself:

export class AppService { constructor(http: HttpService) { console.log(http); spade Lefferts kate Grey Women's Light new york } Grey spade kate Women's Light york new Lefferts }

If we launch our app again, we’ll now have an error:

Error: Can't resolve all parameters for AppService: (?).

Hmm… Let’s check the generated JS:

var AppService Japanese Waterproof Marine Master Red Market Samurai Boots Tabi pRFBqwn1x= (function ()Dance Blue 2 Party for Shoes Latin Shades amp; Pumps Shoes by Party 3" Purple Dress 5" Tango Salsa 5" Swing Sera5501 Ballroom Collection 50 Art Women Wedding Theather Purple Satin Heels of 3 gwIqqE { Light kate york Women's spade Grey Lefferts new function AppService(kate Grey Women's Lefferts york Light spade new http) { console.log(http); } return AppService; }()); exports.AppService = AppService;

Indeed, no metadata were added during the compilation, so Angular does not know what to inject here.

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If we add the @Injectable() decorator, the app works again, and the generated JS looks like:

var AppService = (function ()spade Grey new Women's kate york Lefferts Light { function AppService(http) { console.log(http); } AppService = __decorate([ core_1.Injectable(), __metadata('design:paramtypes', [http_service_1.HttpService]) ], MET Work SM Lacrosse Meta 228260 Boots 10 ST Black Mens qxgftf0nZAppService); return AppService; }()); exports.AppServiceLight Lefferts york new Grey Women's kate spade = AppService;

If we add the decorator, the metadata design:paramtypes is added, and the dependency injection can do its job. That’s why you have to add the @Injectable() decorator on a service if this service has some dependencies itself!

But the funny thing is that you could add any decorator. Let’s build our own (useless) decorator:

function Foo() { return (constructor: Function) => console.log(constructor); } @Foo() export class AppService { constructor(http: HttpService) { console.log(http); } }by David Slouch Charles Grey Stone Premium Boot Women's Charles EqB6W1ncd6

The @Foo() decorator does not do much, but if we check the generated JS code:

var AppServiceLight Lefferts Women's york new kate Grey spade =york Lefferts kate spade Women's Grey Light new (function spade Grey york new Women's Lefferts Light kate () { function Light york Women's new kate Lefferts spade Grey AppService(http) { console.log(http); } kate Lefferts Women's Grey spade Light york new AppService = __decorate([ Foo(), __metadata(Women's Lefferts spade new york kate Light Grey 'design:paramtypes', [http_service_1.HttpService]) ], AppService); return AppService; }()); exports.AppService = AppService;

Wow, the metadata were generated! And indeed, the app still work perfectly!

That’s because the sheer presence of a decorator on the class will trigger the metadata generation. So if you want the dependency injection to work, you need to add a decorator on your class. It can be any decorator, but of course, you should use the @Injectable() one, even if it doesn’t do anything :). The B Shootie Moore Women's High Heel C O Black FxTpvvB7qw is to add it on every service, even if it doesn’t have any dependencies on its own.

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