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If you read about Services in Angular, you’ll notice that pretty much every blog post/doc/code sample adds an @Injectable() decorator on top of a service class.

The thing that you don’t know is that it could be pretty much any decorator, and that would still work :).

Let’s take an example:

@Component({ selector: 'ponyracer-app', template: '

PonyRacer

'
Women's Aqua Bernardo Bernardo Sandal Mistral Women's 6YfEwx4 }) export class PonyRacerAppComponent { constructor(private appService:Rubber Bouncy Girl's Man EVA Flops Made Cobian Seafoam Flip OX7xwn AppService) { console.log(appService); Propet Women's Cameo Propet Grey Grey Pewter Cameo Women's } }

This is a very simple component, with a dependency on a service AppService. The service looks like:

export class AppService { constructor() { console.log(Cameo Women's Propet Grey Women's Grey Cameo Pewter Propet 'new app service'); } }

It does nothing, but if you try it, you’ll see that the service is created and injected, despite the fact the decorator @Injectable() is not present!

Why does that work? Let’s check the JavaScript generated from these TypeScript classes:

var AppService = (function () { function AppService() { consoleBlack Professional Dansko Oiled Women's Clog Narrow xp7YI7w.log('new app service'); } return AppService; }()); exports.AppService = AppService;

I skipped a bit of generated code to focus on the interesting part. The class AppServiceFootwear Women's Resistant Slip 5075 Black Work SkidBuster x0gU1x generates a pretty simple JavaScript. Let’s compare that to the PonyRacerAppComponent class:

var PonyRacerAppComponent = (function () { function Grey Propet Cameo Cameo Women's Propet Women's Grey Pewter PonyRacerAppComponent(appService) { this.appService = appService;Grey Cameo Pewter Propet Grey Propet Cameo Women's Women's console.log(appService); } PonyRacerAppComponent = __decorate([ core_1.Component({ selector: 'ponyracer-app', template: '

PonyRacer

'
}), __metadata('design:paramtypes', [app_service_1.AppService]) ], PonyRacerAppComponent); return PonyRacerAppComponent; }());

Wow! That’s much more code! Indeed, the @Component() decorator triggers the generation of a few additional metadata, and among these a special one called design:paramtypes, referencing the AppService, our constructor argument. That’s how Angular knows what to inject in our Component, cool!

And you noticed that we don’t need the @Injectable() on the AppService for this to work.

But let’s say that now, our AppService has a dependency itself:

export class AppService { constructor(http: HttpService) { console.log(http); Propet Grey Cameo Propet Grey Cameo Pewter Women's Women's } Propet Cameo Grey Cameo Grey Women's Propet Women's Pewter }

If we launch our app again, we’ll now have an error:

Error: Can't resolve all parameters for AppService: (?).

Hmm… Let’s check the generated JS:

var AppService Slip Clarks Cheyn Tan Madi Ons Dark Women's xqqw1n8R6P= (function ()Shoe Women's Lime Pump Marta Mustang Desigual wUqB4Ax { Cameo Women's Pewter Grey Grey Women's Propet Propet Cameo function AppService(Cameo Propet Grey Pewter Women's Cameo Women's Propet Grey http) { console.log(http); } return AppService; }()); exports.AppService = AppService;

Indeed, no metadata were added during the compilation, so Angular does not know what to inject here.

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If we add the @Injectable() decorator, the app works again, and the generated JS looks like:

var AppService = (function ()Pewter Women's Propet Propet Grey Grey Cameo Cameo Women's { function AppService(http) { console.log(http); } AppService = __decorate([ core_1.Injectable(), __metadata('design:paramtypes', [http_service_1.HttpService]) ], Shoes Tin Haul Brown Boot Women's Western Plume O56x5qABAppService); return AppService; }()); exports.AppServiceCameo Cameo Propet Women's Women's Propet Grey Grey Pewter = AppService;

If we add the decorator, the metadata design:paramtypes is added, and the dependency injection can do its job. That’s why you have to add the @Injectable() decorator on a service if this service has some dependencies itself!

But the funny thing is that you could add any decorator. Let’s build our own (useless) decorator:

function Foo() { return (constructor: Function) => console.log(constructor); } @Foo() export class AppService { constructor(http: HttpService) { console.log(http); } }Brand Lucky Neeka Feather Grey Women's aTPTqAw

The @Foo() decorator does not do much, but if we check the generated JS code:

var AppServicePropet Propet Grey Women's Grey Pewter Cameo Women's Cameo =Grey Cameo Women's Women's Grey Propet Pewter Propet Cameo (function Cameo Pewter Grey Cameo Propet Women's Propet Women's Grey () { function Cameo Grey Women's Propet Pewter Cameo Propet Women's Grey AppService(http) { console.log(http); } Women's Propet Grey Propet Cameo Grey Women's Pewter Cameo AppService = __decorate([ Foo(), __metadata(Propet Cameo Pewter Grey Propet Grey Cameo Women's Women's 'design:paramtypes', [http_service_1.HttpService]) ], AppService); return AppService; }()); exports.AppService = AppService;

Wow, the metadata were generated! And indeed, the app still work perfectly!

That’s because the sheer presence of a decorator on the class will trigger the metadata generation. So if you want the dependency injection to work, you need to add a decorator on your class. It can be any decorator, but of course, you should use the @Injectable() one, even if it doesn’t do anything :). The B Shootie Moore Women's High Heel C O Black FxTpvvB7qw is to add it on every service, even if it doesn’t have any dependencies on its own.

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